Gloria Petyarre, born 1938, is an Australian Aboriginal artist from the Anmatyerre community, just north of Alice Springs. In 1999, the Australian magazine Art Collector called her "one of our most collectable indigenous artists". As of 2014, her overall career rank on the Australian Indigenous Art Market was 13. Petyarre won the Wynne Prize in 1999 with "Leaves", being the first Aboriginal person to win one of the Art Gallery of New South Wales' major prizes. She travelled to Ireland, England and India in 1990 as part of the "Utopia – A Picture Story" exhibition.
She is the niece of Emily Krame Kngwarreye and the younger sister of Kathleen Petyarre, who is also an artist.